Key Constituents in root and leaf: Root: mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins. A polysaccharide dose of 50mg/kg was equally effective as "Syrupus Althaeae" in a dose of 1,000mg/kg.7 The extract was less effective than marshmallow polysaccharide.5 Demulcent properties of marshmallow may be due to reduction of local irritation that causes gastritis. Key Constituents – mucilage, starch, pectin, flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, asparagine, tannins Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols (Hoffman, 2003). | Privacy. Plant Profiler Life Science MEDICINAL USES : Marshmallow's demulcent can be used wherever soothing and healing properties are needed. conducted an experimental study and found that the anti-inflammatory properties of marshmallow alone were superior to dexamethasone monotherapy rabbits.4 Although these data suggest that marshmallow may possess anti-inflammatory properties that are additive to topical steroids, measurement techniques and statistical methods were not adequately described. > Planta Med. Marshmallow. Locally for varicose or thrombotic ulcers. It says it is indicated for 'gastritis, gastric or peptic ulceration, enteritis, inflammation of the mouth or pharynx, respiratory catarrh with irritating cough, cystitis. By 1955 there were 35 manufacturers in the US creating what we know today as the puffy, white, indispensable addition to s'mores. It is not a replacement for medical advice. Beaune, A. and Balea, T. [Anti-inflammatory experimental properties of marshmallow: its potentiating action on the local effects of corticoids]. It can be thought of as denoting an “official” healing plant. Marshmallow Root Constituents: Mucilage (arabinogalactans and galacturonorhamnan), the amino acid asparagines, antioxidant flavonoids 8-hydroxyluteolin and 8-b-gentiobioside, coumarins, fats, kaempferol, phenolic acids, quercetin, sugars, tannins, and volatile oil. Licensed by Natural Standard Copyright © 2010 by Natural Standard Corporation. Uses. Constituents/Active Ingredients: 5-10% mucilage (levels vary greatly depending upon time of harvest and post-harvest processing). References: Bone, K. (2003). Marshmallow is high in aluminum, iron, magnesium, selenium, tin, and substantial amounts of calcium. I found the marshmallow root powder in a store selling all sorts of health ingredients, but indeed, it’s not easy to get your hands on some! Marshmallow given intraperitoneally to rats at a dose of 10mg/kg exhibits phagocytic activity, suppresses mucociliary action, and stimulates phagocytosis. Marshmallow Root Tea from Indigo Herbs is made from exceptionally high quality Marshmallow roots. These products are not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. These properties were recognized by the taxonomists who named it. Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. • 32 oz., 64 oz., and 1 gallon extracts come in plastic bottles with a plastic screw cap. Herbal Medicine: Expanded Commission E Monographs. Overview: The roots of marshmallow are rich in mucilage, a complex mixture of polysaccharides that form a soothing gelatinous fiber when water is added. Planta Med 2000 Feb; 66(1): 48-53. The content on this site is meant for informational purposes only, and is not intended for use as official health consultation or recommendations. The stem and leaves are covered in soft hairs, and the grayish-green leaves are rounded to triangular in shape with pointed and serrated edges. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis) fills out the description of demulcent to a tee. Huriez, C. and Fagez, C. [An association of marshmallow-dexamethasone: the pommade Dexalta]. Top: dried marshmallow root. Herb Description. Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J, editors. The mucilage in marshmallow is both the reason it can be made into a delicious, fluffy treat, as well as the active constituents behind its medicinal uses. chemical constituents and the pharmacological and therapeutic effects of Althaea species grown in Iraq. "Marshmallow" Marshmallow has been medicinally used since Ancient Egyptian times, taking it's botanical name from the Greek word 'altho', meaning 'to heal'. The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. Sigma-Aldrich Products are sold exclusively through Sigma-Aldrich, Inc. > Combinations of marshmallow preparations with steroids have been used in the management of dermatological conditions, and the plant appears to possess anti-inflammatory activity that potentates the effect of topical steroids.8,12 In vitro, anti-inflammatory effects of an ointment containing marshmallow extract and dexamethasone (0.05%) was superior to the individual ingredients in the alleviation of chemically-induced rabbit ear irritation.4 Marshmallow extract in vivo stimulates phagocytosis and the release of cytokines from monocytes, including interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor.13, At doses of 10mg/kg, 30mg/kg and 100mg/kg, marshmallow reduces plasma glucose levels to 74%, 81% and 65% of prior values, respectively, after seven hours in rats.1, Marshmallow mucilage is not altered in the digestive tract until it reaches the colon, where it may be partially or completely digested via bacterial action.5, © 2020 Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany and/or its affiliates. Since you’ll be using the marshmallow in Rocky Road using agar agar could be a back up option as well. Leaf: flavonoids, scopoletin, polyphenols. This plant is native to Europe and parts of Asia and is part of the Malvaceae family. Heat 100g powdered marshmallow root in the combined fats for an hour over a waterbath. Extracts from hybrid plants have been found to be more mucilaginous with different sugar composition compared to native plants.11. extracts come in amber glass bottles with a dropper. The root is accepted for specified indication in Belgium and France, and listed by the Commission E in Germany. Tomoda, M., Shimizu, N., Oshima, Y., Takahashi, M., Murakami, M., and Hikino, H. Hypoglycemic activity of twenty plant mucilages and three modified products. Yet another preference for preparing demulcent herbs is described below in the context of marshmallow root, our poster child of the demulcents! Chemical constituents. Marshmallow root can be used similarly to slippery elm for people who are weak and unable to eat many foods. The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP) describes the actions of Marshmallow root as 'demulcent, diuretic, emollient & vulnerary'. Leaves are used as an expectorant and as a soothing remedy for the urinary… Parts of Marshmallow Root Used: The dried root. Organic grain alcohol, distilled water, and organic marshmallow root. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and mild laxative. Thus, both parts … Marshmallow root is rich in sugars, making it an excellent mucilage and softening on the tissues. Reproduction of any materials from the site is strictly forbidden without permission. All Rights Reserved. Althaeae radix Marshmallow root Althaea officinalis L. Published 2019 Format: PDF Online viewing (for only €30 per year, you can view online all the monographs) Summary The herbal monograph selects and summarizes scientific studies and textbooks regarding efficacy, dosage and safety to support the therapeutic uses of marshmallow root. The whole plant contains a tacky, slimy substance known as mucilage, with the root of 2-3 year old plants containing the highest percentage. Sendker J, Böker I, Lengers I, Brandt S, Jose J, Stark T(1), Hofmann T(1), Fink C(2), Abdel-Aziz H(2), Hensel A. Piovano, P. B. and Mazzocchi, S. [Clinical trial of a steroid derivative (9-alpha-fluoro-prednisolone-21- acetate) in association with aqueous extract of althea in the dermatological field]. Alcaraz M.J., Moroney M., Hoult J.R.S. Marshmallow is a marshy plant growing up to three feet high with a soft velvety texture. For the dried root, adults can take a … Contact us for information regarding international product distribution. The viscous fiber has several beneficial effects on digestion: 1) it reduces bowel transit time (acts as a mild laxative); 2) it absorbs toxins from the bowel; 3) it increases fecal bulk and dilutes stool materials thereby reducing stool contact with the gastrointestinal mucosa; and 4) it enhances beneficial bacteria within the gastrointestinal tract and provides an excellent substrate for bacterial fermentation. Custom & Predesigned DNA Oligos & qPCR Probes, Advanced Genomics – CRISPR Technology & RNAi. Extract RE was obtained from the roots of Althaea officinalis in a yield of 8.1%, related to the dried plant material, by extraction with MeOH–H2O (1:1), followed by precipitation with EtOH to remove high molecular weight constituents. The leaves, flowers, or root of the plant are used. > It is also high in pectin, which may lower blood glucose concentrations. Marshmallow is a gentle, soothing plant with a tendency to calm irritated, inflamed tissues and to facilitate the healing process. The flowers give way to round flattish fruits known as “cheeses.” The German Pharmacopoeia recommends marshmallow root tea for treating inflammation of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat and the associated dry cough. This field is for validation purposes and should be left unchanged. All text and Images © Flora Inc. To see a step by step article on making cold infusions with marshmallow check out the free HerbMentor Newsletter. A Clinical Guide to Blending Liquid Herbs: Herbal Formulations for the Individual Patient. Marshmallow was traditionally used internally for soothing sore throats, laryngitis and tonsillitis, coughs, dryness of the lungs, and digestive upsets. Newton (MA): Integrative Medicine Communications; 2000. Amongst its many traditional uses it was used to make possibly the first ever cough sweets. (marshmallow root) The EMEA acknowledges that copies of the underlying works used to produce this monograph were provided for research only with exclusion of any commercial purpose. Made by hand until 1900, marshmallow root was added to corn syrup, egg whites, and water and was heated, and poured into molds. It refers specifically to a room in a monastery where medicinal plants were kept. It does give a slightly firmer marshmallow… ;55: 107-8 . Marshmallow Root Tea has a pleasant, earthy taste. Much of what makes a mucilage are its polysaccharides that are a complex carbohydrate bonded by sugar molecules. ... From a chemical constituents perspective, marshmallow root is best used as a cold infusion. Site Use Terms The traditional medicinal uses of the plant are reflected in the name of the genus, which comes from the Greek althainein, meaning "to heal". gastritis, peptic and duodenal ulceration, enteritis. Chemical constituents include altheahexacosanyl lactone (n -hexacos-2-enyl-1,5-olide), 2β-hydroxycalamene (altheacalamene) and altheacoumarin glucoside (5,6-dihydroxycoumarin-5-dodecanoate-6β- D -glucopyranoside), along with the known phytoconstituents lauric acid, β … Mucilage, a good source of soluble fiber, is particularly recommended for soothing gastrointestinal diseases. Marshmallow root and leaves especially are a soothing expectorant. Nutrition Research The roots also contain pectin, sugars, asparagines, and small amounts of sterols. St Louis, Missouri: Elsevier. Please consult any relevant product labels for detailed information on use and with a medical practitioner for individual health advice. Disclaimer: This information in our Herbal Encyclopedia is intended only as a general reference for educational purposes. Marshmallow (Althaea officinalis), Marshmallow root preparations consist of peeled or unpeeled dried root of Althaea officinalis L., and contain mucilage polysaccharides (6.2-11.6%) composed of galacturonorhamnans, arabinans, glucaris, arabinogalactans; carbohydrates (25-35 %); flavanoids; glycosides; sugars (10% sucrose); amines (up to 12% asparagines); fat (1.7%); calcium oxalate; coumarins; phenolic acid9; and sterols. Asparagine, sugar, pectin and tannin have also been identified in the root. As such, marshmallow is indicated for inflammatory bowel disease, stomach and duodenal … Studies on irritated mucus membranes have shown that the mucilage of marshmallow binds to buccal membranes and other mucous membranes of the body. It also exhibits antimicrobial activity against P. aeroginosa, P. vulgaris and S. aureus.2,3. Type in Product Names, Product Numbers, or CAS Numbers to see suggestions. *These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. or 'heal all'. The root contains starch (37%), mucilage (11%), pectin (11%), flavonoids, phenolic acids, sucrose, and asparagine. The mucilage is made up of a complex mixture of acidic polysaccharides containing arabinose, glucose, rhamnose, galactose, and galacturonic acid. Franz, G. and Chladek, M. [Comparative studies on the composition of crude mucus from crossbred descendants of Althaea officinalis L. and Althaea armeniaca Ten]. Made with organic ingredients. Botanical names: Althea officinalis How It Works Mucilage, made up of large carbohydrate (sugar) molecules, is thought to be the active constituent in marshmallow. Nosal'ova, G., Strapkova, A., Kardosova, A., Capek, P., Zathurecky, L., and Bukovska, E. [Antitussive action of extracts and polysaccharides of marsh mallow (Althea officinalis L., var. Purified homogenous mucilage of marshmallow mucilage is composed of L-rhamsose, D-galactose, galacuonni… Xylose, glucan, arabinogalactan, acidic polysaccharide containing 2-O-alpha-D-galacturonopyranosyl-l-rhamnose10 are also present in the hydrolysate of leaf and flower mucilage. Marshmallow root tea is considered an emollient, expectorant, and … and 16 oz. The mucilage content of the root, leaves and flowers is highest in the late fall and winter (approximately 11%) and lowest in the spring and summer (5-6%). (1989) Effects of hypolaetin-β-O-glucoside and its aglycone in in vivo and in vitro tests for anti-inflammatory agents. With its use stretching back thousands of years, Marshmallow Root was used by the ancient Egyptians, Greeks and Romans. > (G3) Dosage Dried leaf 2-5Gg or by infusion three times daily;(G6,G7) 5 g. (G3) Leaf, liquid extract 2-5 mL (1:1 in 25% alcohol) three times daily. Traditional Use/Benefits/Body Systems: Traditionally used in Herbal Medicine (as a demulcent) to relieve the irritation of the oral and pharyngeal mucosa and associated dry cough and as a demulcent to relieve mild inflammation of the gastro-intestinal mucosa, e.g. “Althea” is from the Greek and means “to heal” or “healing power.” “Officinalis” is a commonly applied name for plants with a history of medicinal use. Major health-related benefits of the marshmallow plant. The root is used mainly for digestive problems and on the skin. Marshmallow roots are high in polysaccharides and starches. Marshmallow mucilage, taken either from the roots or the leaves are useful for soothing irritated or damaged mucous membranes in the digestive tract and lungs. Phytochemical Characterization of Low Molecular Weight Constituents from Marshmallow Roots (Althaea officinalis) and Inhibiting Eﬀects of the Aqueous Extract on Human Hyaluronidase‑1 Marshmallow root, or Althaea officinalis, is a flowering plant that has played a role in herbal medicine for centuries. Bottom pictures show two types of marshmallow plants. I-Althaea officinalis Synonym : Malva officinalis Common names: English name : Althaea, Marshmallow, Arabic name: khatma , Khatmi Distribution: Native to Asia, Europe and United States of America. The root contains 25-35% of the mucilage; however, the content of purified mucilage is much lower. Flora Inc. takes no responsibility for harm that may result from the use, abuse or misuse of information contained on this site. The garden varieties are called HollyHocks. Hoffmann D. Medical Herbalism: The Science and Practice of Herbal Medicine. Marshmallow Root Tincture. In inflammations of the digestive tract, such as inflamation of the mouth, gastritis, peptic ulcer, enteritis and colitis,the root is advised.
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